An exhaustive analysis was carried out to study and summarize the infrastructure status in Japan including Roads, Highways, Airports, Seaports, Wastewater Treatments Plants, Power and Rails. Adopting a free toll system from the very beginning is the biggest feature of Japan’s Roads & Highway development. Besides, there are five first-class international airports and five main seaports in Japan. It is noted that Japan pays a lot of attention to environmentally friendly methods especially in the wastewater treatment process like applying sludge digestion tanks and using oyster shells to purify toilet sewage Japan is trying to attract inward investment from other countries. Since 2012, Japan has introduced visa programs for highly trained people, among other things. In May 2021, Japan revised the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act, introducing additional exemptions from registration obligations for international asset managers to encourage them to relocate their firms to Japan, mainly in response to a change in the political situation in Hong Kong. The new exemptions are set to go into effect in late 2021. Foreign investors are also offered various incentives by several municipal governments.
Corruption Index in Japan over the past decade
Japan ranks 19 in the corruption index out of 180 countries. This put Japan in a relatively better position in comparison with other countries. Japan’s economy was the world’s second largest (behind the US) from 1968 until 2010, when it was overtaken by China. Its gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016 was estimated to be USD 4.7 trillion, and its population of 126.9 million enjoys a high standard of living, with per capita GDP of just below USD 40,000 in 2015.
In April 2020, the government announced JPY220 billion in incentives (US$2 billion) to attract manufacturing companies to relocate to Japan. In response to Japan's aging population, the government approved JPY35.84 trillion (US$344.2 billion) in May 2021 for the growth of social security services, including healthcare and pensions.
The construction industry is expected to rise by 5.1 percent by the end of 2021, before averaging 1.2 percent annually between 2022 and 2025, thanks to investments in the transportation, renewable energy, telecommunications, and manufacturing sectors. The government intends to build 10 GW of offshore wind capacity by FY 2030/2031, to meet its goal of increasing the share of renewable energy in the entire power mix to 22-24 percent by 2030; this will encourage public and private sector investment in renewable energy projects. As a result of the government's focus on enhancing supply chain resilience and reducing dependence on China, greater investments in manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries will boost industrial output.
The construction industry in Japan is going to expand and provide more job opportunities in the coming years due to constant need of labor, large disposable income, and use of advanced technology.